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The Filipino Alphabet

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Letters used in the English and Filipino alphabet are similar, but with some exceptions.

In the Filipino alphabet there are 28 letters with the additions of the letters "ñ" and "ng".

Thankfully, in the Filipino language, the sounds letters make are remarkably consistent, unlike in the English language where letters (and especially vowels) can take on many different sounds ( think "u" in "cup", "cute", and "put").

See the full Filipino alphabet ( abakada ) with an explanation of the similarities and differences below.

The sounds in the table below are the sounds the letter makes when spoken (not the name of the letter).
Markup
Examples:
A
Pronounced "ah" as in "father"
B
Same as English
C
Pronounced "c" as in "cat"
D
Same as English
E
Pronounced "eh" as in "bed"
F
Same as English
G
Pronounced "g" as in "great"
H
Same as English
I
Pronounced as "ee" as in treat
J
Pronounced "j" as in "joke"
K
Same as English
L
Pronounced "l" as in "lake"
M
Same as English
N
Same as English
Ñ
Pronounced as in "niño"
Ng
Pronounced "ng" as in "bang"
O
Pronounced "oh" as in "orange"
P
Same as English
Q
Same as English
R
Pronounced "r" as in "radio"
S
Same as English
T
Same as English
U
Pronounced "oo" as in "boot"
V
Same as English
W
Same as English
X
Same as English
Y
Pronounced "y" as in "yellow"
Z
Same as English
Markup
Examples:
A
Pronounced "ah" as in "father"
B
Same as English
C
Pronounced "c" as in "cat"
D
Same as English
E
Pronounced "eh" as in "bed"
F
Same as English
G
Pronounced "g" as in "great"
H
Same as English
I
Pronounced as "ee" as in treat
J
Pronounced "j" as in "joke"
K
Same as English
L
Pronounced "l" as in "lake"
M
Same as English
N
Same as English
Ñ
Pronounced as in "niño"
Ng
Pronounced "ng" as in "bang"
O
Pronounced "oh" as in "orange"
P
Same as English
Q
Same as English
R
Pronounced "r" as in "radio"
S
Same as English
T
Same as English
U
Pronounced "oo" as in "boot"
V
Same as English
W
Same as English
X
Same as English
Y
Pronounced "y" as in "yellow"
Z
Same as English
Learning the Filipino alphabet is not really that difficult, once you get the hang of how each of the letters sound.
Lesson Summary:
1.) The Filipino and English alphabets are very much alike, although there are differences in the sounds of the letters.
2.) Familiarize yourself with the two additional letters "Ññ" and "Ng/ng".
3.) The sounds that letters make are remarkably consistent in the Filipino language, unlike in English.


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