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Filipino Lessons » Filipino Language Pronunciation & Spelling » Stress Changes and Shifts In Sentences

Stress Changes and Shifts In Sentences

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Keep In Mind:
Vowels of a word that do not have accent marks should not be pronounced with a stress or glottal catch.

There are times when the stress changes depending on how and where a word is used in a sentence, to make the pronunciation smoother and more rhythmic.

The end glottal catch of a word is dropped if it is followed by another word. As a result, sentences will sound more fluid as words flow naturally as you speak. On the contrary, if that word is at the end of the sentence or is followed by a comma, then its end glottal catch is retained..

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Examples:
mulî
Muli kang bumisita sa amin.
Hanggáng sa mulî!
gintô
Gintó ba ang singsíng niyá?
Itó ang singsíng na gintô
tayô
Tuwíd ang tayó ng mga pulís.
Huwág kang tatayô!
tuyô
Tuyó na ang mga damít.
Hindi ba itó tuyô?
kauntî
Kauntí na lang ang natítirang kanin.
Pwede bang humingí nang kahit kauntî?
putî
Putí ba ang suót niyáng bestida ?
Ang bestida niyá ay putî?
Markup
Examples:
muli
Muli kang bumisita sa amin.
Hanggang sa muli!
ginto
Ginto ba ang singsing niya?
Ito ang singsing na ginto
tayo
Tuwid ang tayo ng mga pulis.
Huwag kang tatayo!
tuyo
Tuyo na ang mga damit.
Hindi ba ito tuyo?
kaunti
Kaunti na lang ang natitirang kanin.
Pwede bang humingi nang kahit kaunti?
puti
Puti ba ang suot niyang bestida ?
Ang bestida niya ay puti?
Shifting of accents also happens when a suffix is added to the end of a word with an end glottal catch. If a suffix is added after the final vowel of the word, the accent is shifted to that suffix. ( We'll learn more about suffixes in later lessons ). Take a look at the examples below.
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Examples:
higâ
higaán
tupî
tupiín
tandâ
tandaán
punô
punuín
pulô
kapuluán
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Examples:
higa
higaan
tupi
tupiin
tanda
tandaan
puno
punuin
pulo
kapuluan

It's important to take note of the changing stress marks in a sentence. If you notice the dictionary shows a certain stress mark on a word, and later you see the stress mark has changed in an example sentence, it does not necessarily mean there is a typo or error in the educational materials, but rather that the stress has changed in the usage.


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Next: Stress Changes Listening Drills

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