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Sentence Formation Basics

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Two types of sentence forms are used in the Filipino language. These are the Subject-Predicate Form and the Inverted Form. You can use any type of sentence form, when speaking or writing. Any natural Filipino speaker will understand you whatever sentence formation you use. Yet, it is necessary to pay attention to the appropriateness of each. A sentence form may be more suitable for a particular circumstance than the other. Read more and learn when and how to use these two sentence forms correctly.
Subject-Predicate Form

The Subject-Predicate Form is the type of sentence where the subject is at the beginning of the sentence. This can most often be read and heard from formal speeches and textbooks. From the examples below, you will notice that the stress in this type of sentence form is on the subject. You will also see the word ay, which is the counterpart of is and are, connecting the subject to the predicate to complete a sentence.
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Examples:
The tree is big.
Ang puno ay malakí.
The food is delicious.
Ang pagkain ay masaráp.
Jose is intelligent.
Si José ay matalino.
The children are happy.
Ang mga bata ay masayá.
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Examples:
The tree is big.
Ang puno ay malaki.
The food is delicious.
Ang pagkain ay masarap.
Jose is intelligent.
Si Jose ay matalino.
The children are happy.
Ang mga bata ay masaya.
In the examples above, adjectives are used in the predicate. For the next examples, the Subject Predicate Form is still used, but have predicates that use verbs. Ay is also used to connect the subject to the predicate and to denote the action of the subject.
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Examples:
Wilson is reading.
Si Wilson ay nagbábasa.
The child is playing.
Ang bata ay naglalarô.
Max and Anton are talking.
Si Max at Antón ay nag-uusap.
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Examples:
Wilson is reading.
Si Wilson ay nagbabasa.
The child is playing.
Ang bata ay naglalaro.
Max and Anton are talking.
Si Max at Anton ay nag-uusap.
Inverted Form
Keep In Mind:
Adding some Inverted Form sentences along with the Subject-Predicate From sentences gives variation in a formal speech. This will help you avoid sounding monotonous with the repetitive use of Ang /Ang mga or Si/Sina.

By the word itself, the Inverted Form is the reversed order of the Sentence-Predicate Form. In this type of sentence, the predicate is at the beginning of the sentence. Rather than focusing on the subject, the emphasis is placed on the predicate. This is commonly used by Filipino speakers in everyday conversations. As you read the examples below, you’ll notice that the word ay is not used in this sentence form.
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Examples:
Big, the tree is.
Malakí ang puno`.
Delicious, the food is.
Masaráp ang pagkain.
Reading, Wilson is.
Nagbábasa si Wilson.
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Examples:
Big, the tree is.
Malaki ang puno.
Delicious, the food is.
Masarap ang pagkain.
Reading, Wilson is.
Nagbabasa si Wilson.
The following examples below show predicates that use nouns in plural forms. You’ll see that Mga is used, instead of Ang mga.
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Examples:
Students, Anton and Max are.
Mga estudyante siná Anton at Max.
Filipinos, Wilson and Jose are.
Mga Pilipino sina Wilson at José.
Countries, Philippines and America are.
Mga bansá ang Pilipinas at Amérika.
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Examples:
Students, Anton and Max are.
Mga estudyante sina Anton at Max.
Filipinos, Wilson and Jose are.
Mga Pilipino sina Wilson at Jose.
Countries, Philippines and America are.
Mga bansa ang Pilipinas at Amerika.

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Next: Subject and Predicate Drill

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Sentence Formation
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