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Counting using Filipino Numbers

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Learning how to count Filipino numbers is fairly straight forward. After learning the first ten numbers, you’ll be able to figure out the pattern for larger numbers easily.
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Examples:
1
Isá
2
Dalawá
3
Tatló
4
Apat
5
Limá
6
Anim
7
Pitó
8
Waló
9
Siyám
10
Sampû
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Examples:
1
Isa
2
Dalawa
3
Tatlo
4
Apat
5
Lima
6
Anim
7
Pito
8
Walo
9
Siyam
10
Sampu

Similar to the English counting numbers, the succeeding Filipino numbers will have a root word to indicate twenty, thirty, forty, etc., plus the first basic ten numbers.

For example, numbers 11 to 19 will start with the root word “labíng” derived from the Filipino word “labî” (which means “leftover").

For numbers 20 to 99, you will notice the numbers are patterned after the word “sampû (10) where they all use the the ending syllable -pû.

For example: dalawampû (20), tatlumpû (30), ápatnapû (40), etc..
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Examples:
11
Labing-isá
12
Labindalawá
13
Labintatló
14
Labing-apat
15
Labinlimá
16
Labing-anim
17
Labimpitó
18
Labingwaló
19
Labinsiyám
20
Dalawampû
21
Dalawampú’t isá
22
Dalawampú’t dalawá
23
Dalawampú’t tatló
24
Dalawampú’t apat
25
Dalawampú’t limá
26
Dalawampú’t anim
27
Dalawampú’t pitó
28
Dalawampú’t waló
29
Dalawampú’t siyám
30
Tatlumpû
31
Tatlumpú't isá
32
Tatlumpú't dalawá
33
Tatlumpú't tatló
34
Tatlumpú't apat
35
Tatlumpú't limá
36
Tatlumpú't anim
37
Tatlumpú't pitó
38
Tatlumpú't waló
39
Tatlumpú't siyám
40
Ápatnapû
41
Ápatnapú't isá
42
Ápatnapú't dalawá
43
Ápatnapú't tatló
50
Limampû
60
Ánimnapû
70
Pitumpû
80
Walumpû
90
Siyamnapû
100
Isáng daán / Sandaán
Markup
Examples:
11
Labing-isa
12
Labindalawa
13
Labintatlo
14
Labing-apat
15
Labinlima
16
Labing-anim
17
Labimpito
18
Labingwalo
19
Labinsiyam
20
Dalawampu
21
Dalawampu’t isa
22
Dalawampu’t dalawa
23
Dalawampu’t tatlo
24
Dalawampu’t apat
25
Dalawampu’t lima
26
Dalawampu’t anim
27
Dalawampu’t pito
28
Dalawampu’t walo
29
Dalawampu’t siyam
30
Tatlumpu
31
Tatlumpu't isa
32
Tatlumpu't dalawa
33
Tatlumpu't tatlo
34
Tatlumpu't apat
35
Tatlumpu't lima
36
Tatlumpu't anim
37
Tatlumpu't pito
38
Tatlumpu't walo
39
Tatlumpu't siyam
40
Apatnapu
41
Apatnapu't isa
42
Apatnapu't dalawa
43
Apatnapu't tatlo
50
Limampu
60
Animnapu
70
Pitumpu
80
Walumpu
90
Siyamnapu
100
Isang daan / Sandaan

You'll notice some small spelling changes with the root word "labing" in some of the numbers. "Labing" can turn into "Labin" or "Labim", at times depending on the word that follows. This type of minor spelling change is a pattern that can be found frequently in the Filipino language. For now, don't worry to much about the rules for when these spelling changes happen, just recognize that "ng" does turn in to "n" and "m" at times in the Filipino language.

Larger Numbers

Hundreds: Filipino numbers in the hundreds use the word daán. For example, isáng daán (100), dalawáng daán (200), tatlóng daán (300), etc.

Thousands: Filipino numbers in the thousands use the word libo. For example, tatlóng libo (3,000), sampúng libo (10,000), isáng daáng libo (100,000).

Millions: Filipino numbers in the millions use the word milyón as in isáng milyón (1,000,000), dalawáng milyón (2,000,000), etc.
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Examples:
100
Isáng daán / Sandaán
200
Dalawáng daán
300
Tatlóng daán
400
Apat na raán
500
Limáng daán
1,000
Isáng libo
10,000
Sampúng libo
100,000
Isáng daáng libo / Sandaáng libo
1,000,000
Isáng milyón
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Examples:
100
Isang daan / Sandaan
200
Dalawang daan
300
Tatlong daan
400
Apat na raan
500
Limang daan
1,000
Isang libo
10,000
Sampung libo
100,000
Isang daang libo / Sandaang libo
1,000,000
Isang milyon
Advanced Numbers

For larger numbers (like 108, 718, 1987, or 26,725), reciting each number with the correct place values is the right way to dictate these. It is similar to how a certain number is dictated in the English language (for example: 123 is dictated as one hundred twenty-three). Translated in Filipino, it would be dictated as isáng daan dalawampú't tatló.

In the first three examples below, notice that the word "at" is used for numbers like 108, 203, and 405. because they do not have a word connective, unlike numbers with "labin-" / "labing-" and "-pú't". Example: Labingwaló (18) is understood as "labí na waló" (na as word connective). Another example would be Dalawampú't limá (25), which is understood as "dalawampû at limá (at as word connective).
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Examples:
108
Isáng daán at waló
Sandaán at waló
203
Dalawáng daán at tatló
405
Apat na raán at limá
718
Pitúng daán at labingwaló
1987
Isáng libo, siyám na raán, walumpú't pitó
26,725
Dalawampú't anim na libo, pitúng daán at dalawampú't limá
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Examples:
108
Isang daan at walo
Sandaan at walo
203
Dalawang daan at tatlo
405
Apat na raan at lima
718
Pitung daan at labingwalo
1987
Isang libo, siyam na raan, walumpu't pito
26,725
Dalawampu't anim na libo, pitung daan at dalawampu't lima
Take note that this type of number dictation is normally used for formal occasions. In casual settings, Filipinos typically use the English language or just create a shortcut for it. Find out more about this in the succeeding lessons.
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Next: Counting Filipino Numbers Transcription Drill

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Filipino Numbers and Numeral Expressions
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