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How: Gaano and Paano

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“How” also translates into two types of Filipino question words. These are "paano" and "gaano."

Paano

"Paano" is used when asking "how," as in what way something is done. ( How do you get to the mall? )

Gaano

"Gaano" is used when asking "how," and expects a response explaining the degree or quality of something. ( How large? How small? How sweet?, etc. )
Markup
Examples:
How will you open this?
Paano mo itó búbuksan?
How did you know?
Paano mo nalaman?
How will you go there?
Paano ka magpúpunta roón?
How will you cook this?
Paano mo iluluto itó?
How big is Asia?
Gaano kalakí ang Asya?
How deep is the sea?
Gaano kalalim ang dagat?
How delicious is the food?
Gaano kasaráp ang pagkain?
How strong is the typhoon?
Gaano kalakás ang bagyó?
Markup
Examples:
How will you open this?
Paano mo ito bubuksan?
How did you know?
Paano mo nalaman?
How will you go there?
Paano ka magpupunta roon?
How will you cook this?
Paano mo iluluto ito?
How big is Asia?
Gaano kalaki ang Asya?
How deep is the sea?
Gaano kalalim ang dagat?
How delicious is the food?
Gaano kasarap ang pagkain?
How strong is the typhoon?
Gaano kalakas ang bagyo?
It is also correct to use "gaanong" (with ng) + adjective in normal usage.

Some people may pronounce these question words by cutting these short to two syllables. In casual conversations, you would often hear people pronounce "paano" as "pa-no." Same goes for "gaano" as others would pronounce it as "ga-no."
This is a casual / slang pronunciation only, and these question words have 3 syllables and are correctly pronounced as "pa-a-no" and "ga-a-no".
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