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Filipino Lessons » Filipino Words to Use When Asking Questions » Shortened Forms of Questions

Shortened Forms of Questions

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Contracting words in an interrogative sentence is also a noticeable speaking habit in Filipino. If you remember the lessons on ligatures and pronouns, you'll see that rules about shortened forms also apply in interrogative sentences.

Recall the rules about shortened forms of pronouns.
- "itó" becomes "'to"
- "iyán" becomes "'yan"%%%
- "iyón" becomes "'yon"

Also, try to recall rules about word connectives/ligatures.
- use of suffix ligature "-ng" and "-g" to connect the word ligature "na" to the modifier

In the following example, you will see how the interrogative sentences are shortened by connecting the article "ang" to the Filipino question words "anó," "sino," and "kanino". To further shorten the interrogative sentences, the subject is dropped, but is still represented by the pronouns and a particular action that points to it. Notice that the suffix is also dropped from the question word.

Anó
Markup
Examples:
What is that building?
Anó ang gusaling iyón?
What is that building?
Anóng gusali 'yón?
What is that? (pointing at the building)
Anó 'yon?
Markup
Examples:
What is that building?
Ano ang gusaling iyon?
What is that building?
Anong gusali 'yon?
What is that? (pointing at the building)
Ano 'yon?
Sino
Markup
Examples:
Who is that celebrity?
Sino ang artistang iyón?
Who is that celebrity?
Sinong artista 'yon?
Who is that? (pointing at the celebrity)
Sino 'yon?
Markup
Examples:
Who is that celebrity?
Sino ang artistang iyon?
Who is that celebrity?
Sinong artista 'yon?
Who is that? (pointing at the celebrity)
Sino 'yon?
Kanino
Markup
Examples:
Whose wristwatch is this?
Kanino ang relóng itó?
Whose wristwatch is this?
Kaninong reló 'to?
Whose is this? (holding the wristwatch)
Kanino 'to?
Markup
Examples:
Whose wristwatch is this?
Kanino ang relong ito?
Whose wristwatch is this?
Kaninong relo 'to?
Whose is this? (holding the wristwatch)
Kanino 'to?

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