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Ordinal Numbers

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Ordinal numbers are used to show the order or sequence of people, places, events, or objects.

There are two ways of enumerating ordinal numbers in Filipino – the formal and informal. Below is the formal way of enumerating. It uses the prefix “ika-,” combined with the Filipino cardinal numbers (except for the first). Another way of writing ordinal numbers is by combining the prefix “ika-“ with the digit (except for the first). This formal way is suited for formal conversations and materials such as textbooks and events.
Markup
Examples:
First
Una
Second
Ikalawá (ika-2)
Third
Ikatló (ika-3)
Fourth
Ikaapat (ika-4)
Fifth
Ikalimá (ika-5)
Sixth
Ikaanim (ika-6)
Seventh
Ikapitó (ika-7)
Eighth
Ikawaló (ika-8)
Ninth
Ikasiyám (ika-9)
Tenth
Ikasampû (ika-10)
Eleventh
Ikalabing-isá (ika-11)
Twentieth
Ikadalawampû (ika-20)
Thirtieth
Ikatatlumpû (ika-30)
Fifty-first
Ikalimampú’t isá (ika-51)
One hundredth
Ikasandaán (ika-100)
Markup
Examples:
First
Una
Second
Ikalawa (ika-2)
Third
Ikatlo (ika-3)
Fourth
Ikaapat (ika-4)
Fifth
Ikalima (ika-5)
Sixth
Ikaanim (ika-6)
Seventh
Ikapito (ika-7)
Eighth
Ikawalo (ika-8)
Ninth
Ikasiyam (ika-9)
Tenth
Ikasampu (ika-10)
Eleventh
Ikalabing-isa (ika-11)
Twentieth
Ikadalawampu (ika-20)
Thirtieth
Ikatatlumpu (ika-30)
Fifty-first
Ikalimampu’t isa (ika-51)
One hundredth
Ikasandaan (ika-100)
The informal way of enumerating ordinal numbers in Filipino is through the use of the prefix “pan(g)-“ (except for the first). This is commonly used for casual conversations.
Markup
Examples:
First
Una
Second
Pangalawá
Third
Pangatló
Fourth
Pang-apat
Fifth
Panlimá
Sixth
Pang-anim
Seventh
Pampitó
Eighth
Pangwaló
Ninth
Pansiyám
Tenth
Pansampû
Eleventh
Panlabing-isá
Twentieth
Pandalawampû
Thirtieth
Pantatlumpû
Fifty-first
Panlimampú’t isá
One hundredth
Pansandaán
Markup
Examples:
First
Una
Second
Pangalawa
Third
Pangatlo
Fourth
Pang-apat
Fifth
Panlima
Sixth
Pang-anim
Seventh
Pampito
Eighth
Pangwalo
Ninth
Pansiyam
Tenth
Pansampu
Eleventh
Panlabing-isa
Twentieth
Pandalawampu
Thirtieth
Pantatlumpu
Fifty-first
Panlimampu’t isa
One hundredth
Pansandaan

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Next: Ordinal Numbers Transcription Drill

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