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Filipino Lessons » Time & Dates » Adverbs of Time: To Tell How Often

Adverbs of Time: To Tell How Often

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There are adverbs of time that describe the indefinite frequencies and the adverbs of time that describe the definite frequencies (which will be discussed on the next lesson).

Most common examples of the adverbs describing indefinite frequencies are always, often, sometimes, rarely, and never. These adverbs of time answer “how often” questions. Read and recite the equivalent translations of these adverbs below.
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Examples:
Always
Pala
La
Often
Madalás
Sometimes
Pamínsan-minsan
Rarely
Bihira
Never
Hindí kailanmán
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Examples:
Always
Palagi
Lagi
Often
Madalas
Sometimes
Paminsan-minsan
Rarely
Bihira
Never
Hindi kailanman
The adverb lagi is a variation of the word palagi. These words have the same meaning.

Minsan and pamínsan-minsan, however, do not share the same definition. Native speakers often get these two words mixed because they almost have the same spelling. Remember that “minsan” means “once” or “at one time,” while “pamínsan-minsan” means “sometimes.” Other variations of “pamínsan-minsan” are “paminsan” and “kung minsan.”

From the examples below, see how these adverbs are used in sentences.
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Examples:
Chito always prays before eating.
Palaging nagdárasál si Chito bago kumain.
Jayvee always goes to the gym.
Palaging pumúpuntá si Jayvee sa gym.
Ana always takes her medicine in the morning.
Umíinóm palagi si Ana ng kanyáng gamót sa umaga.
The bus often comes late.
Madalás na hulíng dumáratíng ang bus.
Hubert often comes to work on time.
Madalás dumárating si Hubert sa trabaho nang nasa oras.
Nancy often goes to the cinema.
Madalás pumuntá si Nancy sa sinehán.
My head hurts sometimes when the weather is too hot.
Sumásakít pamínsan-minsan ang ulo ko kapág mainit ang panahón.
I cannot fall asleep sometimes
Hindí akó makatulog pamínsan-minsan.
Ingrid forgets to close the door sometimes.
Nakákalimutang isará ni Ingrid ang pintó pamínsan-minsan.
Adrian rarely shares his problems.
Bihirang ibahagi ni Adrian ang kanyáng mga problema.
Mel rarely meets other people.
Bihirang makakilala si Mel ng ibáng tao.
Erin rarely talked to me.
Bihirá akóng kausapin ni Erin.
Edwin is never late in class.
Hindí kailanmán nahúhuli si Edwín sa klase.
My son never lies.
Hindí kailanmán nagsísinungalíng ang anák ko.
I will never shout at you.
Hindí kailanmán kitá sísigawán.
Markup
Examples:
Chito always prays before eating.
Palaging nagdarasal si Chito bago kumain.
Jayvee always goes to the gym.
Palaging pumupunta si Jayvee sa gym.
Ana always takes her medicine in the morning.
Umiinom palagi si Ana ng kanyang gamot sa umaga.
The bus often comes late.
Madalas na huling dumarating ang bus.
Hubert often comes to work on time.
Madalas dumarating si Hubert sa trabaho nang nasa oras.
Nancy often goes to the cinema.
Madalas pumunta si Nancy sa sinehan.
My head hurts sometimes when the weather is too hot.
Sumasakit paminsan-minsan ang ulo ko kapag mainit ang panahon.
I cannot fall asleep sometimes
Hindi ako makatulog paminsan-minsan.
Ingrid forgets to close the door sometimes.
Nakakalimutang isara ni Ingrid ang pinto paminsan-minsan.
Adrian rarely shares his problems.
Bihirang ibahagi ni Adrian ang kanyang mga problema.
Mel rarely meets other people.
Bihirang makakilala si Mel ng ibang tao.
Erin rarely talked to me.
Bihira akong kausapin ni Erin.
Edwin is never late in class.
Hindi kailanman nahuhuli si Edwin sa klase.
My son never lies.
Hindi kailanman nagsisinungaling ang anak ko.
I will never shout at you.
Hindi kailanman kita sisigawan.

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